The Antifa (Anti-Fascist Action) organization originated in the 1930s in Germany as a paramilitary arm of the German Communist Party that was used to fight and suppress liberal political parties and the burgeoning Nazi Party. This political movement, which operates under the same banner and communist ideology as the Antifa of the 1930s, is now well established in the U.S.Technically, Antifa cannot be considered an organization, since it has no official leader.
Local adherents create their own independent “affinity groups” and while protesting often wear face coverings to remain anonymous. But these affinity groups’ aims are the same: to deny “fascists” any platform in society, often resorting to violence and intimidation to silence those they wish to de-platform. They have disrupted or shut down multiple conservative speakers on college tours, publicized the personal information of their online political enemies as an intimidation tactic, and physically assaulted not just white nationalist leaders but also a range of Trump supporters on multiple occasions, even directly shooting and killing one. Antifa has been involved in arson and widespread property damage, from the Portland federal courthouse to local businesses and statues of historical leaders. Antifa-affiliated groups also threatened riots if Donald Trump won victory in the 2020 presidential election.